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That is the most amazing state I have ever seen. It is a feudal republic, comprised of three major groups of people -- the Poles, the Lithuanians, and Russian-Ukrainians. The nobility is nearly all Polish. All the important decisions, including who is to be king, is determined by their congress, which they call the Sejm. But the Polish gentry is unruly, which leads to constant strife and a divided military. Unless they make up their minds and come forth in unity and strength, soon they will be conquered by their autocrat neighbors.
Jaques de Clermont


The Polish Commonwealth is a nation in Eastern Europe.

Also known as the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, its population is made up of three major groups: Poles, Ruthenians (ancestors of Ukrainians and Belarusians), and Lithuanians. The minority groups were non-Lithuanian Balts and Jews also Lipka Tatars. The Polish Commonwealth is famed for its majestic Winged Hussars. While it possesses a powerful army, it is fragile due to its dissatisfied gentry, which could ultimately lead to the Polish Commonwealth's demise.

The Polish Commonwealth is led by King Jan Kasimir. Polish infantry does not lack in anything—their Zolniers and Pikemen are perfectly competent—but they don't really shine, being outgunned by Swedish musketeers and outfought by even Russian marksmen and their poleaxes. Poland's strength lies in its winged hussars, unmatched in both armor and shock value. Backed up with light dragoons, the Polish cavalry is devastating against infantry while posing a good match for even Crimean cavalry. It is located at the North-Middle to West part of the map.

The Deluge is the main questline for the Polish Commonwealth.

Rulers[]

King Jan Kasimir

Jan Kasimir.jpg

Initial ruler

Janusz Radziwill

Janusz Radziwill.jpg

Claimant

Vassals[]

Colonel Andrzej Kmicic
Andrzej Kmicic.jpg
Colonel Michal Wolodyjowski
Michal Wolodyjowski.jpg
Colonel Jan Skrzetuski
Jan Skrzetuski.jpg
Warlord Alexander Oginsky
Alexander Oginsky.jpg
Warlord Stanislav Liantskoronsky
Stanislav Liantskoronsky.jpg
Warlord Fyodor Obukhovich
Fyodor Obukhovich.jpg
Count Casimir Tyszkiewicz
Casimir Tyszkiewicz.jpg
Warlord Janusz Kiszka
Janusz Kiszka.jpg
Hetman Pavel Sapega
Pavel Sapega.jpg
Colonel Jerzy Halecki
Jerzy Halecki.jpg
Colonel Jan Zenowicz
Jan Zenowicz.jpg
Warlord Jan Zamojski
Jan Zamojski.jpg
Cornet Siegmund Slushka
Siegmund Slushka.jpg
Hetman Jan Sobieski
Jan Sobieski.jpg
Hetman Stanislaw Potocki
Stanislaw Potocki.jpg
Hetman Stefan Czarniecki
Stefan Czarniecki.jpg
Warlord Krzysztof Grzymultowski
Krzysztof Grzymultowski.jpg
Colonel Alexander Casimir Wolowicz
Alexander Casimir Wolowicz.jpg
Prince Boguslav Nesvizhsky
Boguslav Nesvizhsky.jpg
Prince Michal Vishnevetsky
Michal Vishnevetsky.jpg


Tactics[]

Strengths[]

  • Nearly unmatched heavy cavalry (the Winged Hussars).
  • Okay dragoons and other light cavalry.
  • Sturdy pikemen and zolniers who can stop enemy cavalry.

Weaknesses[]

  • No heavy and shock infantry.
  • Weak infantry will get slaughtered in any significant melee.
  • Unreliable horse archers.

Troop tree[]

Polish Republic.jpg
Town Recruits Mercenary Camp Village Recruits

Garrison Commander

Infantry Commander

Cavalry Commander

Heavy Infantry Commander

Heavy Cavalry Commander

Personal Guard Commander

Mercenary Commander

Infantry

Marksman

Cavalry

Territories[]

The territory of the Polish Commonwealth starts with the following Towns, Fortresses, and Villages.

Territory of the Polish Commonwealth
Towns
KrakovLvivSmolenskVilnaWarsaw
Fortresses
Bar FortressBerestye FortressDubensk CastleKovno FortressLida CastleLodz Castle
LublinMinskMyadzelsk CastlePolotskSlutskZbarazh Fortress
Villages
AmereBabiceBaranovichiChenstokhovaDobrushIlyintsyKrivichiLudinovo
MolodechnoNesvizhOstrolekaOstrovetsOvruchPlotskPonyriRadzilowRudnya
SambirSlavutaSnechkoSofronovoSolechnikiStaronowiceStryiTrakaiVendau
VydzyWadowiceWidawaYartsyZamoshye

Battle Cries[]

  • insult marks lines heard in the middle of a battle.
  • death marks lines heard on the death of a character.
  • victory marks lines heard at the end of a battle by the winning side.
File File name
pol_man_insult_1.wav
pol_man_insult_2.wav
pol_man_insult_3.wav
pol_man_insult_4.wav
pol_man_insult_5.wav
pol_man_insult_6.wav
pol_man_victory_1.wav
pol_man_victory_2.wav

Trivia[]

  • The Polish Commonwealth's full name was The Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania (Królestwo Polskie i Wielkie Księstwo Litewskie), but it was often shortened to the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth or in fact just Poland. In Polish it is more commonly known as Rzeczpospolita Obojga Narodów "Commonwealth of Both Nations" or I Rzeczpospolita "the First Republic of Poland". The term Rzeczpospolita is a calque of Latin res publica, and even today the official name of the Republic of Poland is Rzeczpospolita Polska.
  • The Polish Commonwealth was a dualistic state of Poland and Lithuania ruled by a common monarch.
  • It was the largest and one of the most populous countries of 16th and 17th century Europe, with almost 400,000 square miles (1,000,000 square kilometers) and a multi-ethnic population of about 12 million at its peak in the early 17th century.
  • The Commonwealth was established at the Union of Lublin in July 1569 and ceased to exist as an independent state after the Third Partition of Poland in 1795.
  • Although the two component states of the Commonwealth were formally equal, Poland dominated in the partnership - as the King of Poland was always the Grand Duke of Lithuania at the same time, Polish language was used in Lithuanian Province as an official language and many, many more.
  • The Polish Commonwealth achieved its maximum territorial extent in 1619. It terms of present-day borders, it encompassed: most of Poland and Ukraine; all of Belarus, Lithuania, Latvia and the Kaliningrad Oblast; much of Estonia; parts of Russia (including Smoleńsk); as well as small parts of Moldova and Romania.
  • In the game's code, the Polish Commonwealth is referred to as swadian; the Polish Commonwealth and the Kingdom of Swadia being similar in that they are both the "main" faction of the respective games.
Wikipedia Wikipedia has an article on this subject at:
Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth
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